Mamata BanerjeeChief Minister
Mamata Banerjee (Bengali: মমতা বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় Bengali pronunciation: [mɔmota bɔndoˈpaddʱˈae̯] (listen) (Mamata Bandyopadhyay); born 5 January 1955) is an eminent Indian politician and academic who is serving as the ninth and current Chief Minister of the Indian state of West Bengal since 2011, the first woman to hold the office. She founded the All India Trinamool Congress (AITC or TMC) in 1998 after separating from the Indian National Congress, and became its first chairperson. She is often referred to as Didi (meaning elder sister in Bengali).Banerjee previously served twice as Minister of Railways, the first woman to do so. She is also the first female Minister of Coal, and Minister of Human Resource Development, Youth Affairs and Sports, Women and Child Development in the cabinet of the Indian government. She rose to prominence after opposing the erstwhile land acquisition policies for industrialisation of the Communist government in West Bengal for Special Economic Zones at the cost of agriculturalists and farmers at Singur. In 2011, Banerjee pulled off a landslide victory for the AITC alliance in West Bengal, defeating the 34-year-old Communist Party of India (Marxist)-led Left Front government, the world's longest-serving democratically elected communist government, in the process. She was a member of West Bengal Legislative Assembly from Bhabanipur from 2011 to 2021. She contested the Nandigram assembly seat and lost to the BJP's Suvendu Adhikari in the 2021 West Bengal Assembly elections, though her party won a large majority of seats. She is the third West Bengal Chief Minister to lose an election from her own constituency, after Prafulla Chandra Sen in 1967 and Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee in 2011. But this victory of Suvendu remains controversial to date. Mamata challenged the result of Nandigram Constituency in Calcutta High Court and the matter is sub judice. With her party's remarkable victory in the 2021 West Bengal assembly polls, Mamata Banerjee is in the race for the prime ministerial face of the opposition in the 2024 general election.
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